Page 8 - 2021 - Q4 - Minerva in Focus
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SAFETY & SECURITY  Safety Digest:                                                                                    LUKOIL_Az_210x280_Kompass_auf_Wasser.qxp_Layout 1  30.09.19  10:05  Seite 1

           What Bulk Carrier?

                                                                                Figure 1: The coaster leaving the buoyed channel early

                                                                                                                                                                                           Think LUKOIL!

                                                                                Figure 2: The bulk carrier pilot raises his concerns

                                                                                Figure 3: Passing at 1 cable

           The Incident                                        coaster amended its passage plan with the VTS to leave the buoyed
           [which occurred on board a vessel of another company]   channel earlier (Figure 1) and disembark its pilot to the south.
                                                               The ferry’s master identified this as an opportunity to overtake
           The wind was light and the visibility good when a ro-ro passenger   the coaster, so he moved to the north side of the buoyed channel
           ferry departed its berth on a scheduled night crossing. On the bridge   in order to avoid creating a wash for the pilot’s disembarkation to
           were the master, who held a pilot exemption certificate, an OOW,   the south. Soon afterward, the pilot on the inbound bulk carrier
           and a helmsman. During departure, the local VTS informed them of   raised his concerns with the VTS that the ferry’s position ap-
           the traffic situation, which consisted of an inbound bulk carrier with   peared to be to the north of the channel and was likely to cause
           a pilot on board, and a coaster, outbound ahead of the ferry that   a risk of collision (Figure 2).
           was due to drop its pilot at the seaward end of the buoyed channel.   Having appreciated the proximity of the bulk carrier, the ferry’s mas-
           The ferry’s bridge team acknowledged receipt of the traffic informa-  ter confirmed to both the VTS and the bulker carrier his intention to
           tion from the VTS but did not attempt to acquire the inbound bulk   alter course back to starboard. After the course alteration, the ferry
           carrier on either radar or AIS. After a few minutes, the outbound   and the bulk carrier passed at approximately 1 cable (Figure 3).

           Lessons Learned

             •     The ferry’s bridge team had not appreciated the proximity of the inbound bulk carrier due to their focus on the outbound
                coaster and insufficient use of either radar or AIS to monitor the traffic. By not following the principles of the COLREGS and
                using all available means to monitor the traffic situation, the ferry’s bridge team had an inadequate awareness of the ships in
                their vicinity. As a result, they created an unnecessary risk of collision with the inbound bulk carrier.
             •   The reliance of the ferry bridge team on visual tracking of the incoming carrier was further hindered by the presence of lights on
                the shore in the background, making the bulk carrier’s navigation lights hard to see. This is a common problem when navigating
                near shore at night, and further demonstrates the need to make the best use of bridge equipment such as AIS, radar, and
                electronic chart systems.
             •   Applying good bridge resource management techniques can help defend against bridge team mistakes, such as loss of po-
                sitional awareness, miscommunication, distraction, and overload. Fostering an environment in which all the bridge team is
                empowered to raise their concerns will help in preventing close-quarter situations from arising.                                                                            LUKOIL Marine Lubricants Germany GmbH
                                                                                                                                                                                            Phone: +49 40 180 4220 0
          8  MINERVA IN FOCUS – ISSUE 18 / Q4 2021                   Source: Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB)
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