Page 7 - 2021 - Q3 - Minerva in Focus
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2020 Paris MoU Annual

        Report findings


        The Paris MoU has published its Annual
        Report providing an overview of its ac-
        tivities and statistics in 2020,  which were
        different from other years due to the COV-
        ID-19 pandemic. Some of the highlights of
        the report are:
        The impact of COVID-19 on the world has
        obviously  affected  the  work  of  the  Paris
        MoU.  To deal with the restrictions result-
        ing from COVID-19 and the consequences
        thereof, guidance was developed for the
        member Authorities of the Paris MoU on
        how best to deal with this situation.
        Nevertheless, the Paris MoU had to scale
        back efforts, resulting in decreasing num-
        bers of inspections, refusal of access or-
        ders, detentions, and deficiencies.  In 2020,   to 1.9% - the highest increase of the most   The HRA was created at the height of the
        seven Refusal of Access Orders (bans) were   frequently recorded deficiencies.  Somali piracy threat in 2010 to show ship-
        issued. That shows a decrease compared                               owners, operators, and seafarers where
        to  2019  when  27  were  issued.  In  the  past   Source: Paris MoU  pirates operated and where extra vigilance
        three years, 55 ships have been refused ac-                          was required to avoid attacks.
        “failing to call at an indicated repair yard,”  Change in piracy threats   Subsequent updates to the HRA have
        cess for multiple detentions, five ships for
                                                                             reflected  the  changing  nature  of  threats
        and two ships for jumping detention. In the   in the Indian Ocean    in the region, including the successful
        same period, 12 ships were refused access                            suppression of Somali pirate action.
        for a second time (13 from 2017 to 2019).   prompts re‑think of      Somali pirate groups have not attacked
        The detention percentage fell slightly to                            a merchant vessel since 2017, while new
        2.81% (from 2.96% in 2019). The number   High‑Risk Area              asymmetric threats from local conflicts
        of detainable deficiencies decreased to                              and insurgents as well as the existence
        1,942 (from 2,964 in 2019). The number of                            of more severe security threats have
        inspections carried out was 13,148 - clear-  #security               emerged, such as piracy off West Africa,
        ly, a substantial decrease to 2019’s 17,913.                         necessitating a change in how industry
        Looking at the performance of flag States   A continued downward trend in Somali   assesses such dangers to shipping.
        in this challenging year, as reflected on   piracy has prompted leading shipping
        the  Paris  MoU  “White,  Grey  and  Black   organizations to reduce the geographic   Source: ΒΙΜCO
        List,” a slight shift is noticeable, resulting   boundaries of the ‘High-Risk Area’ (HRA)
        in a larger “Grey  List.” The total number   for piracy in the Indian Ocean, which ap-
        of 39 flags on the “White List” is slightly   plied from 1 September 2021.
        less than that of 2019 (41).  The “Grey List”   In broad terms, the changes agreed by
        contains 22 flags (16 in 2019); the “Black   BIMCO, ICS, INTERCARGO, INTERTANKO, and
        List” lists 9 flags (13 in 2019). With 545   OCIMF, representing the global shipping
        inspections  and 41 detentions,  the  ships   and oil industries, will reduce the HRA
        flying a “Black-listed flag” had a detention   boundaries to the Yemeni and Somali
        rate of 9.36%, which is less than the 12% in   Territorial Seas and Exclusive Economic
        2019. For ships flying a “Grey-listed flag,”   Zones in its eastern and southern reaches.
        the detention rate was 4.6%, which is less   In consultation with international part-
        than the 7% in 2019. Ships flying a “White   ners, the organizations will also take a
        listed flag” had a detention rate of 2.4%,   comprehensive new approach to assess-
        which is slightly higher than in 2019 (2.2%)   ing international maritime security threats
        and 2018 (2.3%).                   to allow shipowners and operators to fully
        There was a relative increase in the num-  gauge the risk of voyages worldwide. This
        ber of deficiencies recorded on the sea-  second step is expected to be completed
        farers’ employment agreement from 1.2%   by 31 December.
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